UN agencies which are part of the United Nations Development Group decided to support an independent campaign to communicate the new SDGs to a wider audience. This campaign, "Project Everyone," had the support of corporate institutions and other international organizations.
Water Criticism of the term and alternative conceptions Some people now consider the term "sustainable development" to be too closely linked with continued material development; they prefer to use terms like "sustainability," "sustainable prosperity," or "sustainable genuine progress" as the umbrella terms.
Many environmentalists have criticized some interpretations of the term "sustainable development" as an oxymoron, claiming that economic policies based on concepts of growth and continued depletion of resources cannot be sustainable, since that term implies that resources will remain constant. The differences in the conception of sustainable development stem in part from tensions between economic and ecological values.
Green development is generally differentiated from sustainable development in that the former prioritizes what its proponents consider to be environmental sustainability over economic and cultural considerations.
However, proponents of sustainable development argue that it provides a context in which to improve overall sustainability, whereas cutting-edge green development is not always attainable. For example, a modern treatment plant with extremely high maintenance costs may not be sustainable in regions of the world with fewer financial resources.
An environmentally ideal plant that is shut down due to bankruptcy is obviously less sustainable than one that is maintainable by the indigenous community, even if it is somewhat less effective from an environmental standpoint.
Weak versus strong sustainability Thus, a distinction between different degrees of sustainability should be made. The debate currently focuses on the sustainability of the environment and the economy, which can in other words be considered as a relationship An analysis of sustainable development natural capital the sum total of nature's resources and manufactured or man-made capital.
Weak sustainability is advocated by Hartwick's Rule, which states that as long as total capital stays constant, sustainable development can be achieved. In other words, as long as the diminishing natural-capital stocks are being substituted by gains in the man-made stock, total capital will stay constant and the current level of consumption can continue.
The proponents of weak sustainability believe that economic growth is beneficial, as increased levels of income lead to increased levels of environmental protectionism. This approach is also known as the substitutability paradigm. Conversely, supporters of strong sustainability, such as Herman Daly, believe that natural capital and man-made capital are only complementary at best.
In order for sustainable development to be achieved, natural capital has to be kept constant independently from man-made capital. This model is known as the non-substitutability paradigm.
What is being revised under the strong model of sustainable development is a definition of nature in which nature is not reduced to a passive instrument, understood only in terms of its usefulness for humans.
Common principles Despite these different perspectives, a number of common principles are embedded in most charters or action programs to achieve sustainable development, sustainability, or sustainable prosperity. Dealing transparently and systemically with risk, uncertainty, and irreversibility.
Ensuring appropriate valuation, appreciation, and restoration of nature. Integration of environmental, social, human, and economic goals in policies and activities.
Conservation of biodiversity and ecological integrity. Recognizing the global integration of localities. A commitment to best practice. No net loss of human capital or natural capital.
The principle of continuous improvement. The need for good governance. Quantitative analysis typically uses system dynamics modeling, as systems are often non-linear. Important human ecological sub-systems that could be analyzed or modeled in this way might include the nitrogen cycle in sustainable agriculture or the depletion of oil reserves.
During the last ten years, different organizations have tried to measure and monitor proximity to what they consider sustainability by implementing sustainability metrics and indices. Some of the major attempts to define sustainable development quantitatively include: In the natural step framework, a sustainable society is one that does not systematically increase concentrations of '"substances extracted from the earth's crust" or "substances produced by society," that "does not degrade the environment," and in which people have the "capacity to meet their needs worldwide" TNS Canada A "composite measure of sustainability" that analyzes the environmental performance of products and services through all phases of their life cycle, from processing raw materials to re-use and recycling Canadian Architect An estimate of the amount of land area that a human population, given prevailing technology, would need if its current resource consumption and pollution is matched by its sustainable renewable resource production and waste assimilation.
One of the striking conclusions to emerge from ecological footprint analyses is that four or five back-up planets engaging in nothing but agriculture would be required for all those alive today to participate in a Western lifestyle. Measures of sustainability Canadian Architect.
|Analysis of Sustainable Development - Sample Essays||Scope The text recalls paragraph 83 of the Agenda for Sustainable Development, and stresses that the Global Sustainable Development Report is one important component of the follow-up and review process for the Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Global Sustainable Development Report will inform the high-level political forum, and shall strengthen the science-policy interface and provide a strong evidence-based instrument to support policymakers in promoting poverty eradication and sustainable development.|
Retrieved December 23, System conditions The Natural Step.SDG Index and Dashboards. New York / Gütersloh, 9 July Three years after the historic UN summit in New York, where all UN member states adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the SDG Index and Dashboards Report introduces the first ever assessment of government efforts to achieve the goals.
The Age of Sustainable Development [Jeffrey D. Sachs, Bob Souer] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Jeffrey D. Sachs has shown himself to be one of the world's most perceptive and original analysts of global development in his groundbreaking books.
4 The Sustainable Development Goals: An overview of relevant OECD analysis, tools and approaches 1. Working with all stakeholders for better policies The objectives of the SDGs are multi-dimensional.
To achieve them, synergies across policy areas and trade-offs of domestic and international policy with regard to development. We review the development and use of city concepts and approaches regarding sustainable urban development in China. We use case studies to analyse the common barriers for the development of sustainable cities in China.
Sustainable development can be defined as development that meets the needs of the present, by ensuring environmental stewardship, economic growth and social justice function in a milieu of good governance, without comprising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a universal set of seventeen goals and targets, with accompanying indicators, which were agreed by UN member states to frame their policy agendas for the fifteen-year period from to