The Social Reformer Islam's global spread and appeal owed itself to Prophet Muhammad's social reforms. Unfortunately, over the centuries his teachings have been obfuscated and violated much as any other faith or movement.
Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. He was, and still is, one of the most influential figures of all time, yet most of us have little real sense of the man himself. A favorite question of those asking about my new book, "The First Muslim," is thus what surprised me most in my research.
Or rather, what might surprise them. He was born an orphan. His father died without knowing he had a son, and Muhammad was farmed out to Beduin foster parents for the first five years of his life, returning to his mother in Mecca for only a year until she also died.
The 6-year-old was left on the margins -- an outsider within his own society. He was put to work as a camel boy on the trade caravans to Damascus, and though he eventually made his way up to become a business agent, could never take his place in the world for granted.
He married up -- and for love. The widowed Khadija was 40, he was 25, and since she was his employer, it was she who proposed to him.
Some scholars have assumed that the "wealthy widow" syndrome was at work here, but early accounts indicate a marriage of mutual love and respect -- a monogamous one that lasted 24 years until her death. His nine late-life marriages were mainly means of diplomatic alliance and of securing his base, as was customary for any leader of the time.
His first reaction to becoming a prophet? He was terrified by the first Quranic revelation, which happened on a mountain just outside Mecca in the yearwhen he was In his own reported words, the pain was so intense that he thought he was dying.
Convinced that he was either delusional or possessed, since it seemed impossible that someone like him could be a prophet, his first impulse when he found himself still alive was to try to finish the job himself and leap off the mountain to his death.
He led an early form of Occupy Wall Street. His message constituted a radical protest against the corruption and arrogance of the Meccan elite. As both a pilgrimage and trading hub, the city had combined piety and profit to become a kind of seventh-century bull market.
The intent was reform, but those in power saw it as a subversive call for revolution. He was a pacifist -- at first.
Islam - Islamic thought: Islamic theology (kalām) and philosophy (falsafah) are two traditions of learning developed by Muslim thinkers who were engaged, on the one hand, in the rational clarification and defense of the principles of the Islamic religion (mutakallimūn) and, on the other, in the pursuit of the ancient (Greek and Hellenistic, or Greco-Roman) sciences (falāsifah). In the pages of Muhammad: The Story of a Prophet and Reformer, young readers will encounter a man very different from the figure often presented in Western popular culture. With great difficulty he assembled 30, men; half of whom on the second day returned with Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy, untroubled by the damning verses which Muhammad hurled at them. Although Muhammad did not engage with hostile forces at Tabuk, he received the submission of some local chiefs of the alphabetnyc.comsor: Succession to Muhammad.
For 12 years, he took a proto-Gandhian stance of passive resistance to organized harassment of him and his small group of followers in Mecca -- "these nobodies" as his opponents called them. The Quranic revelations constantly urged him to "reply to foolish mockery with words of peace," to "pay no attention," and to "turn your face away" -- words one sometimes wishes more of his followers heeded today.
When the assaults became physical as well as verbal, he refused to fight back or to allow his followers to do so. In the yearthe attacks culminated in a concerted attempt on his life, forcing him into exile in Medina, miles to the north.
His eventual decision to take up arms in exile was highly ambivalent - the result of political pressure as he assumed political as well as spiritual leadership. He knew how to say he was wrong. He acknowledged his own fallibility, most notably in the now infamous case of "the Satanic verses," when he tried to mend the rift between himself and his opponents by acknowledging their totem gods as intercessors with the one supreme god.
His tragic failure came at the end. He died without designating a successor. In the absence of a son, many thought it crucial that he make his wishes unequivocally clear, but though his final illness lasted 10 days the duration and symptoms seem to indicate bacterial meningitishe never did so.
Ironically, the prophet of unity -- one god, one people -- thus paved the way for the divisiveness between Sunni and Shiite that persists today.
Click through the slideshow for a history of Islamic law:Jan 26, · 7 Things That May Surprise You About Muhammad Everyone knows his name. He was, and still is, one of the most influential figures of all time, yet most of .
Ameer Hamzah: Hazrat Muhammad (Sm), son of Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib, was born in a noble family in Makka in AD. At that time, the world was in the Dark Age according to the historians. Islam - Islamic thought: Islamic theology (kalām) and philosophy (falsafah) are two traditions of learning developed by Muslim thinkers who were engaged, on the one hand, in the rational clarification and defense of the principles of the Islamic religion (mutakallimūn) and, on the other, in the pursuit of the ancient (Greek and Hellenistic, or Greco-Roman) sciences (falāsifah).
Muhammad: The Story of a Prophet and Reformer [Sarah Conover, Eboo Patel] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the pages of Muhammad: The Story of a Prophet and Reformer, young readers will encounter a man very different from the figure often presented in Western popular culture.
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Muhammad (Sm), Hazrat Prophet Muhammad (Sm) was born in the Year of the Elephant (Amul-e-Fil), when the Yemeni ruler Ashabul Fil Abraha tried to attack the Holy Ka'ba (Baitullah) with an army and elephants in his train.
It was on a Monday in the month of Rabiul Awwal in the Arabic calendar that Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) was born. Gmail is email that's intuitive, efficient, and useful. 15 GB of storage, less spam, and mobile access.