This is where literature review examples can be helpful. With a literature review example, you can see everything that you need to do and learn in action. It spares you having to go through a long series of requirements and things to accomplish and instead simply see what you have to do. All of our samples are meticulously written and edited to be certain that they can be trusted for quality, and each of our professional writers has extensive experience and knowledge in completing literature reviews.
Avoid common errors of punctuation and grammar. Use the first person I, we rather than the passive voice. Link your ideas into a sensible sequence without repetitions or discontinuities. Get feedback on your article from colleagues. In this Background section, make the topic interesting by explaining it in plain language and by relating it to actual or potential practical applications.
Explain any scientific principles underlying the topic. Define and justify the scope of the review: Be specific about any database search you performed. Include the key words you used, and the ways you refined your search if necessary. We read 47 of these as full papers.
Of the 41 papers cited in this review, we were able to obtain the following only in abstract form: Do not give a summary paper-by-paper; instead, deal with themes and draw together results from several papers for each theme.
I have identified four themes for this section: These themes are dealt with under subheadings. I encourage you to use such subheadings, which will make it easier for you to write the review and easier for others to read it. Quality of Published Work Look critically at any published work.
The fact that something has been published does not mean the findings are automatically trustworthy.
Some research designs are better than others see Hopkins, a. The most trustworthy conclusions are those reached in double-blind randomized controlled trials with a representative sample of sufficient size to detect the smallest worthwhile effects. The weakest findings are those from case studies.
In between are cross-sectional studies, which are usually plagued by the problem of interpreting cause and effect in the relationship between variables.
How subjects were sampled is an important issue. Be wary of generalizing results from novice athletes to elites. Something that enhances performance in young or untrained individuals may not work so well in highly trained athletes, who may have less headroom for improvement.
A literature review is a specific type of research paper that focuses on published literature on a given topic. It is often the first step in doing original research, either scientific or otherwise. It is more than a mere summary of the literature, however, as it presents analysis, patterns, and critiques of individual sources, groups of sources, and the body of literature as a whole. Do You Need Help with the MLA Literature Review Format? If you look at a sample of a literature review written in MLA format compared to others written styles such as APA or Chicago you will see that the formatting is very different; especially for citations and references. Your MLA literature review must be completed to a very precise set of rules for formatting if it is to be accepted. This guide is an introduction to the basics of conducting a literature review in the social sciences, with a focus on education.
There are big differences in the way data can be collected. At one extreme are qualitative methods, in which the researcher interviews subjects without using formal psychometric instruments questionnaires. At the other extreme are quantitative methods, in which biological or behavioral variables are measured with instruments or techniques of known validity and reliability.
In the middle are techniques with uncertain precision and questionnaires with open-ended responses. Qualitative assessment is time consuming, so samples are usually small in size and non-representative, which in turn limit the conclusions that can be made about effects in a population.
The conclusions may also be biased by the prejudices of the researcher-interviewer. Quantitative data collection is more objective, but for some projects it could miss important issues that would surface in an interview.
A combination of qualitative methods for pilot work and quantitative methods for a larger study should therefore produce valuable conclusions, depending, of course, on the design. You will probably find that your topic has been dealt with to some extent in earlier reviews. Cite the reviews and indicate the extent to which you have based your review on them.
Make sure you look at the key original papers cited in any earlier reviews, to judge for yourself whether the conclusions of the reviewers are justified. Reviews, like original research, vary in quality.
Problems with reviews include poor organization of the material and lack of critical thought. Some of the better reviews attempt to pull together the results of many papers using the statistical technique of meta-analysis. The outcomes in such reviews are usually expressed as relative risk, variance explained, or effect size, terms that you will have to understand and interpret in your review if you meet them.
See my statistics pages for explanations of these concepts Hopkins, b.TLRPIII: Learning in and for interagency working Interagency Collaboration: a review of the literature Paul Warmington, Harry Daniels, Anne Edwards, Steve Brown.
11 CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW In the two decades since HIV/AIDS was first identified, the body of research into the disease has been steadily growing. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
As part of the planning process you should have done a LITERATURE REVIEW, which is a survey of important articles, books and other sources pertaining to your research topic. This course guide is designed to help faculty, graduate, and undergraduate students in the process of conducting and writing a literature review for any discipline.
PART I – LITERATURE REVIEW This literature review provides the reader with an overview of major academic works concerning child sexual abuse in the general.