The significance of monsters in greek and roman mythology

The Sphinx Known from: The Legend Of Oedipus Confronted by: Oedipus The first creature on our list is the sphinx; a monster that was said to have the body of a lion, the head of a woman, and the wings of an eagle. The sphinx is perhaps known best for her role in the legend of Oedipus.

The significance of monsters in greek and roman mythology

Greek and Roman gods, demigods, heroes, places and tales. Jan 21, Monsters of Classical Mythology Monsters in classical mythology are typically part animal and part human, or else they constitute a collection of animal graftings. They are not really horror monsters, just unpleasant or nasty afflictions sent by the gods.

They often do no more than throw into relief the heroism of the main character Perseus, Oedipus, Odysseus, Theseus by existing simply to be overcome or destroyed as obstacles to his goal.

He is believed to be the son of Echidna and Typhon.

Julian Matías Drault

Chained in front of the gates of the Underworld, he terrorizes souls upon their entering. In other stories, Cerberus was bested by men such as Heracles and Orpheus. Medusa Once a beautiful woman, Medusa was the child of Phorcys and Ceto.

Of the three "gorgons", Medusa was the only mortal. Their hair was a mass of serpents; they had huge tusks, hands of bronze, and golden wings enabling them to fly. Anyone who encountered their gaze was turned to stone immediately from a horrible fear and loathing. Poseidon was the only immortal not fearful of Medusa since he fathered a child with her.

Medusa was defeated by Perseus, who managed to chop off her head by looking at her through a looking-glass, which was most likely a bronze shield.

This story can be found in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Athena made use of Medusa's head by fixing it to the center of her shield or her aegis. Echidna Is the mixture of a serpent and a woman, a beautiful fair-faced nymph from the waist up, but a horrible serpent below.

She grew up in her cave and used her beautiful head and torso to lure men but once they were trapped, her serpent nature took over and she ate them raw.

Echidna mated with the storm god Typhon and gave birth to a great lot of famous monsters: The hundred-eyed Argos kills Echida in her sleep to prevent her from eating him as she has eaten other travelers. Lernaean Hydra A snake with numerous heads that were sometimes said to be human as well.

It was brought up near the source of the river Amymone in order to provide a test for Heracles. The breath of the Hydra was so venomous that anyone who approached it would die, even if the monster was sleeping.

Heracles thought to destroy it by cutting off its heads, but as soon as he did so more heads grew in their place. Therefore Heracles seared the bleeding necks of the monster with a torch in order to prevent growth that way. According to some legends one of the heads was immortal, but Heracles cut it off anyway and buried it deep in the earth.

Heracles also dipped his arrowheads in the Hydra's blood and made them extremely poisonous. Pegasus Winged horse of Bellerophon. He was the offspring of Poseidon and the Gorgon Medusa.

The winged steed was born when the blood fell into sea from Medusa's neck. Pegasus was born at the same time as Chrysaor.

Bellerophon was only able to tame the steed when Athena gave the hero a golden bridle.

Greek Mythology: Sources

Bellerophon used Pegasus in all his adventure: When Bellerophon thought to fly Pegasus to Olympus, the home of the gods, they send a gadfly to sting Pegasus.

Bellerophon was thrown off his horse; the hero became lame for his misdeed.

The significance of monsters in greek and roman mythology

After this, Pegasus lived in the stable in Olympus offering his service to Zeus, carrying his thunderbolts.The Greek mythology names of the gods and goddesses varied from the Roman names, although each culture ascribed to deities with comparable powers and spheres of influence.

The following table shows those areas and the names of the important deities in each mythology. Creatures and Monsters from Greek Mythology The heroes are probably the best-known part of Greek mythology, but what makes a hero?

Having monsters to fight, that's what.

Greek Mythology - HISTORY

Most of the Greek deities were adopted by the Romans, although in many cases there was a change of name. In the list below, information is given under the Greek name; the name in parentheses is the Roman equivalent.

However, all Latin names are listed with cross-references to the Greek ones. The dragons of Greek mythology were serpentine monsters. They include the serpent-like Drakons, the marine-dwelling Cetea and the she-monster Dracaenae.

They include the serpent-like Drakons, the marine-dwelling Cetea and the she-monster Dracaenae.

Greek Mythology - HISTORY

Greek and Roman Mythology Most of the Greek deities were adopted by the Romans, although in many cases there was a change of name. In the list below, information is given under the Greek name; the name in parentheses is the Roman equivalent.

Greek mythology is surely filled with many interesting gods, goddesses, mythical creatures and heroes each with their own unique stories to amaze us all.

List of Greek mythological creatures - Wikipedia